Knowledge To Live By

Bicycles are vehicles when ridden on roads and streets:

  • Obey all traffic signs, signals, lights, and markings
  • Ride on the right side, with traffic
  • When turning, use motor vehicle turn lane
  • Stay as far to the right as safely practicable or use the
  • Ride no more than two side by side
  • Ride single file when moving slower than traffic
  • Obey signs that restrict riding on interstate highways and
    limited access roads
  • Yield to pedestrians
  • When riding on the sidewalk, call to pedestrians when
    approaching from behind and to pass, and give right of way
    to pedestrians


  • Use hand signals for turns and stops
  • When turning or crossing, look LEFT-RIGHT-LEFT
  • Keep one hand on the handlebars when carrying articles
  • Carry children securely in special seats or trailers
  • Use white headlamps visible 500 feet, rear reflectors, and a
    red taillight when bicycling between sunset and sunrise


  • Don’t carry passengers on bicycles built for one rider
  • Don’t wear earphones in both ears

Pedestrians have rights and responsibilities:

  • Always watch for motorists, pedestrians and bicyclists, and
    make sure they can see you
  • Use sidewalks if available
  • Use crosswalks wherever possible
  • Look LEFT-RIGHT-LEFT when crossing
  • If walking on roads, walk facing traffic and travel on
    extreme edge/shoulders
  • Obey Walk/Don’t Walk control signals or countdown timers
  • Use caution when crossing highways

Motorists, respect bicyclists’ and pedestrians’ rights:

  • Approach and pass bicyclists at a reasonable speed
  • Allow at least two feet, preferably three feet or more at
    higher speeds between you and bicyclists when passing
  • Yield to pedestrians and bicyclists in a crosswalk
  • When turning, yield to pedestrians and bicyclists
  • Permit pedestrians to cross roads safely
  • Come to a full stop for a blind pedestrian with a cane or
    guide dog (Class 3 misdemeanor)

If involved in a crash:

  • Stop to determine injury or damage
  • Report name, police or others involved
  • Report property damaged from a crash to police within 24

“Violation of traffic law is a civil penalty or traffic infraction
punishable by a fine or points against your driver’s license.”
Code of Virginia § 46.2